World Digest: Dec. 16, 2013
If European countries were to pitch in to such a fund, they would likely want to decide how that money is used — and might not want France sending its troops in to foreign theaters so often.
French President Francois Hollande defended the Central African Republic intervention Monday, while paying homage to two French soldiers killed in combat amid sectarian violence in the largely lawless country.
If France “weren’t there, no other army in this part of the world — Africa — would be able to launch such an operation to save lives and establish peace,” Hollande said.
He called last week for a “permanent European fund” to finance emergency military interventions in crises, before a U.N. peacekeeping operation can be put in place, and will push the idea at a summit of European Union leaders Thursday and Friday. This fund could also be a step toward a common European defense system, an idea Hollande has been pushing to little avail.
At an EU foreign ministers’ meeting in Brussels on Monday, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said it’s up to the 28 member states to decide “how they want to use their resources.”
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who will meet Hollande in Paris on Wednesday, said last week: “We will have to talk about it in Europe, that is still a matter for discussion.”
Understanding “French concerns,” Dutch Foreign Minister Frans Timmermans said “it is an interesting idea. But is just an idea at this stage.”
The Poles support the principle of coordinating Europe’s efforts in crisis situations, but want to hear the specifics of Hollande’s proposal and the reaction of other EU countries.
“If other countries are to contribute then they need to have a say in the policymaking too. And that’s precisely where I see the problem,” said Sabine von Oppeln, a political scientist at Berlin’s Freie Universitaet. “On the one hand France conducts a unilateral Africa policy, on the other hand they demand solidarity from other Europeans.”
France has struggled to persuade other Europeans to help with the operation in Central African Republic, a former French colony. While countries including Poland, Britain, Germany, Spain and Belgium have provided various forms of assistance, French troops are the only Europeans on the ground. The European Union provides 50 million euros ($68 million) for the African Union-led mission in the country.
Raf Casert and John-Thor Dahlburg in Brussels, and Frank Jordans and Geir Moulson in Berlin, contributed to this report.
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